Patellar Tendinopathy

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What is patellar tendinopathy

The quadriceps is connected to the shinbone by a strong tendon, with the kneecap (patella) embedded within it. The part above the kneecap is called the quadriceps tendon, while the lower part is the patella tendon.
Patellar tendinopathy is an overuse injury that takes the form of an inflammation of the patella tendon. This typically occurs on one of the tendon’s bony insertion sites: either on the tip of the patella or on the tibial tuberosity, a bony bump on the shinbone. Problems with the patella tendon can almost always be traced to abnormal function of the quadriceps.

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Bruised Knee

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What is a bruised knee?

A knee contusion (bruised knee) is an injury affecting the soft tissues around your knee and also possibly the cartilage behind your kneecap.

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Meniscal Tear

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What is a meniscal tear?

The two menisci are c-shaped structures inside the knee joint: the lateral meniscus on the outside of the knee, and the medial meniscus on the inside. The most important function of the menisci is to distribute the pressure from weight-bearing activities across a large surface area of the cartilage covered joint, to reduce the impact overall. The menisci move back and forth, allowing the thighbone (femur) to glide and rotate on the shinbone (tibia). A meniscal tear is a rupture of the meniscus. This is the most common injury of the knee joint but can be particularly serious for dancers.

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ITB Syndrome

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What is iliotibial band syndrome

The iliotibial band (ITB) is a thick band of fascia on the outside of the thigh. It extends from the pelvis, over the hip and knee, and inserts just below the knee. This band is crucial to leg stabilization. An inflammation of the ITB on the side of the thigh, just above the knee joint, is referred to as iliotibial band syndrome. Although it is commonly referred to as “runner’s knee”, this is a frequent overuse problem for dancers.

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Collateral Ligament Sprain

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What is a collateral ligament sprain?

The two collateral ligaments are located on the sides of the knee joint and connect the thighbone (femur) to the lower leg. The MCL (medial collateral ligament), on the inside of the knee, connects the femur with the tibia, and the LCL (lateral collateral ligament) connects the femur to the fibula. A collateral ligament sprain is an injury that causes these ligaments to stretch or tear. The MCL is closely connected to the medial meniscus, so an MCL injury can sometimes also affect this important structure inside the knee.

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Kneecap Subluxation

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What is a Kneecap subluxation?

The kneecap (patella) slides on the thighbone (femur) in a bony channel called the trochlear groove. This guides the kneecap as the knee flexes and extends. Movement of the patella is highly influenced by the tension of the quadriceps. Instability of the patella, combined with muscle dysfunction of the quadriceps, can cause the patella to be pulled to the outside of the trochlear groove and to eventually slip over its edge. This is called a patellar subluxation.

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ACL Injury

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What is an ACL injury?

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the major ligaments in the center of the knee. It connects the thighbone (femur) to the shinbone (tibia) and is vital to the stability of the knee joint. The ACL protects the femur from sliding forward on the tibia and limits how far it can rotate. It also helps to prevent hyperextension of the knee.

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Baker´s Cyst

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What is Baker’s cyst?

Baker’s cyst is a liquid-filled swelling that can cause a bulge and a feeling of tightness in the back of the knee. Baker’s cyst is related to chronic knee inflammation, which can have different underlying causes: from simple overuse problems to severe lesions of the cartilage or meniscus, and all kinds of systemic chronic inflammation.

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Osgood Schlatter

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What is Osgood-Schlatter disease?

Osgood-Schlatter disease is an inflammation and painful enlargement of the tibial tuberosity – a bony bump, just below the knee joint, where the patella tendon connects to the shinbone. Osgood-Schlatter disease occurs most frequently between the ages of 9 and 13, and usually in a period of rapid growth. Boys have a much higher risk of developing Osgood-Schlatter disease than girls. In 25% of cases, the condition affects both knees.

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Prepatellar Bursitis

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What is a prepatellar bursitis?

A prepatellar bursitis is an irritation or inflammation of a bursa on top of your kneecap.
A bursa is a sacklike cavity filled with fluid. It is usually found in areas subject to friction, for example in places in which a tendon passes over a bone or a bone glides under the skin.

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Knee Osteoarthritis

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What is knee osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis of the knee is a degenerative joint disease that is experienced by many dancers over the course of their lives. It is a progressive disorder of the knee joint, caused by a gradual loss of the joint cartilage and bony deformation. The main symptoms of knee OA are pain, swelling and progressive disability due to limited joint movement.

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Unspecific Knee Pain

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What is unspecific knee pain?

Unspecific knee pain is a condition characterized by regular episodes of knee pain that are hard to explain. You might experience knee pain during or after training that eases if you take some time off. Typically, though, the pain will instantly return when you start dancing again. Clinical examination, X-rays or MRI scans may not identify any obvious problem, inside or around your knee.

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