Lateral Ankle Sprain

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What is a lateral ankle sprain?

A lateral ankle sprain is an injury that causes a stretch or tear of one or more ligaments on the outer part of the ankle. Ligaments are tough bands of tissue that connect one bone to another and bind the joints together. In the ankle joint, ligaments provide stability by limiting side-to-side movement.

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Fifth Metatarsal Fracture

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What is a fifth metatarsal fracture?

The fifth metatarsal is one of the long bones of the midfoot. It is positioned on the outside of the foot and connects to the little toe. A fracture of this bone is referred to as a fifth metatarsal fracture.

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Achilles Tendinopathy

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What is Achilles Tendinopathy?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the calf muscles (gastrocnemius and soleus) to the heel bone (calcaneus). Achilles tendinopathy is an overuse issue that results in an inflammation of the Achilles tendon and its surrounding soft tissue.

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Stress Reactions of the Foot

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What are stress reactions of the foot?

Stress reactions of the foot are overuse issues that arise from repetitive and excessive stress on the bone, with limited rest. They are classified in severity from grade I to IV, with a grade IV stress reaction being a stress fracture (an actual crack of a bone). The most common locations of stress reactions of the foot are the second and third metatarsal (long bone of the midfoot), the calcaneus (heelbone) and the navicular, a bone at the base of the midfoot.

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Sesamoiditis

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What is Sesamoiditis?

A sesamoid is a bone embedded in a tendon. Sesamoids are found around several joints of the body, but there are two big, pea-shaped sesamoids located in the ball of the foot, just beneath the big toe joint. Sesamoiditis is an overuse injury that takes the form of a stress reaction of the bone and its surrounding tendons and soft tissue. Stress reactions are classified from grade I to IV, with a grade IV stress reaction being a stress fracture (an actual crack of a bone).

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Shin Splints

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What are shin splints?

Medial tibial stress syndrome, commonly called “shin splints”, is a stress reaction based on an abnormally high load on the shinbone (tibia). Stress reactions are classified from grade I to IV, with a grade IV stress reaction showing a crack of the bone (a stress fracture). Pain from shin splints is particularly felt in the middle to lower thirds of the inside (“medial side”) of the tibia.

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Anterior Ankle Impingement

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What is anterior ankle impingement?

Anterior impingement is a common problem for dancers and is characterized by pain in the front of the ankle when performing a deep plié. It is a chronic condition involving soft tissue and bony changes at the ankle joint, where the shinbone (tibia) articulates with the anklebone (talus).

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Posterior Ankle Impingement

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What is posterior ankle impingement?

Posterior ankle impingement is characterized by a pain in the back of your ankle when you point your foot, or relevé. This problem is very common for dancers and is therefore also known as “dancer’s heel”. It is a chronic condition involving soft tissue and bony changes in the back of the ankle joint, where the shinbone (tibia) articulates with the anklebone (talus). Side-view X-rays of the foot will reveal these bony abnormalities. They include an elongation of the posterior process of the talus, or a little bone on the back of the talus called os trigonum.

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Hallux Valgus

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What is hallux valgus?

A bump on the side of the big toe joint is commonly known as a hallux valgus or bunion. The visible lump represents a complex deformity of the forefoot, with the big toe getting out of alignment and moving towards the second toe over time.

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Unspecific Foot Pain

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What is unspecific foot pain?

Unspecific foot pain is a condition where you experience regular episodes of foot pain that are hard to explain. Clinical examination, X-rays or MRI scans may not have shown any evident problem inside or around your foot. You may have regular foot pain during or after training that gets better if you take a break from your training. However, typically the pain will instantly reoccur as you return to dancing.

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