Back Muscle Strain


What is a lower back muscle strain?

Lower back muscle strains are probably the most common muscle injuries among dancers. They are also referred to as “pulled back muscle” or “torn back muscle”. Typically, the pain is localized in the lower back and does not radiate down the leg. Back stiffness or deep cramps of the back muscles are often associated with this pain.
Acute pain from a lower back strain can resolve quickly if treated efficiently, however, low levels of pain may persist over weeks, and flare-ups can occur.

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Herniated Disk


What is a herniated or ruptured disk?

A herniated or ruptured disk is an intervertebral disk that has bulged out from its proper place in the back. Disks are small, rubbery cushions between the vertebral bodies that keep the spine flexible and act as shock absorbers. The intervertebral disks are made of tough, circular fibers surrounding a jelly-like nucleus.
When disks are damaged, the jelly nucleus may bulge out of place. A herniated disk alone may not cause discomfort, but pain occurs when pressure is put on a nerve root passing by the disk, or on the spinal cord.

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Sacroiliac (SI-joint) Pain


What is Sacroiliac pain?

Two large joints connect the pelvic bones to a big, triangular bone at the lower end of the vertebral spine called the sacrum – one on either side. These are referred to as sacroiliac (si-) joints. Si-joints are tight and strong, with a limited range of motion, and their role is to provide structural support and stability. Si-joints also function as shock absorbers of the pelvis and the lower back, dispersing the forces of the upper body and the impact from walking, running and jumping. Whenever an si-joint “gets stuck”, this may cause pain in the lower back and legs. This condition is also referred to as si-joint dysfunction.

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What is spondylolisthesis?

Spondylolisthesis is an instability issue of the spine when one vertebral body slips forward on top of another. This is a common cause of low back pain in dancers. Spondylolisthesis occurs after a defect or fracture of the bony connection between two vertebral bodies (the pars interarticularis). This is referred to as a spondylolysis. If a spondylolysis occurs on both sides of the vertebral body, it may begin to slip forward.

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